Sir Kenneth MacMillan was 15 years old when he began his career under the tutelage of Ninette de Valois, founder of the English Royal Ballet; in 1970, he himself took the helm of the most highly renowned British ballet company. He worked passionately to reinvent the language of the genre: “I wanted dance to express much more than it had before. Otherwise, I would simply have been producing sterile academic dance pieces.” He managed to reinvent not just the language of ballet, but also its subject matter: on many occasions he reached for modern, socially and societally charged themes that no one had ever dared to touch in any genre, let alone in dance. He was met with this criticism also after the 1974 premiere of Manon: even though it won enormous acclaim from audiences, critics were shocked by an immoral plotline that was completely unprecedented in the world of classical ballet at the time.
Massenet and Puccini both wrote operas based on the story by the 18th century Abbé Prévost, with MacMillan choosing theless well known French composer. Leighton Lucas created a score based on Massenet’s works: although using nothing from Manon itself, he compiled the musical material from the composer’s many other operas and oratorios, which Marton Yates later re-orchestrated in 2011. Manon is performed with MacMillan’s original scenery and costumes on the stage of the Opera House.
Scene 1 – The courtyard of an inn near Paris
Various gentlemen and actresses and ladies of the demimonde can be seen in the yard. Among them are the Chevalier Des Grieux, a young student, as well as the wealthy Monsieur G. M. and a certain Lescaut, the latter who is there to meet his sister, Manon, before she enters the convent. A coach arrives, and Manon and her elderly companion get out. The old gentleman seems to be attracted to the pretty young girl. Lescaut notices his attraction and invites his sister’s aged geriatric gallant to the inn so that they can discuss her future. Manon, who remains outside, glimpses Des Grieux, and they fall in love with each other immediately. They decide to escape to Paris with the help of the money that Manon has stolen from the old gentleman. Having struck a deal, Monsieur G. M. and Lescaut come out of the in and are shocked to find that Manon has disappeared. Monsieur G. M. tells Lescaut that he is very much interested in Manon, and because Monsieur G. M. is wealthy, Lescaut promises to find his sister and say a few words in the old gentleman's favour.
Scene 2 – Des Grieux’s lodgings in Paris
Des Grieux is trying to write a letter to his father, but Manon’s passion carries them both away, and they end up in bed with the letter unfinished. Des Grieux departs, and while he is away, Lescaut arrives with Monsieur G. M. Manon cannot resist the extremely wealthy G. M.'s gifts and propositions, and decides to leave her lover. When Des Grieux returns, Lescaut suggests that he allow Manon to become Monsieur G. M.’s mistress, which will make all of them rich.
Scene 1 – An hôtel particulier in Paris
The Madame gives a ball for her wealthy friends, and herself chooses a gentlemen for each of her courtesans. Lescaut and Des Grieux arrive, the former drunk and the latter stricken, becoming even more anguished upon seeing Manon in Monsieur G. M.’s arms, living a life of luxury. The chevalier tells her that he is still in love with her, but Manon rebuffs him. When they are left alone again, Manon’s heart is moved by Des Grieux, and she agrees to run away with him, but with one condition: Des Grieux must first win Monsieur G. M.’s money at cards. She even gives him marked cards to ensure that he wins. Des Grieux plays with so much success Monsieur G. M.’s suspicions are raised, and the fraud is revealed. In the mayhem resulting from the scandal, Des Grieux injures Monsieur G. M. and runs away with Manon.
Scene 2 – Des Grieux’s lodgings
These are final moments of happiness in the love affair between Manon and Des Grieux. They are about to run away from Paris when Monsieur G. M. and some soldiers break in. Manon is arrested as a prostitute, and Monsieur G. M. shoots Lescaut dead in cold blood.
Scene 1 – The port of New Orleans
The crowd loitering at the port is curious to see who has arrived on the ship that has just docked. It has brought prostitutes to the French penal colony, with Manon among them, together with Des Grieux, who is pretending to be her husband. Although Manon has been broken by her sufferings and the long voyage, her beauty and charm elicit the gaoler’s interest.
Scene 2 – The gaoler's room
Manon is taken to the gaoler’s room, where he asks her to desert Des Grieux and live with him. Manon rejects this proposal, but is unable to prevent the gaoler from raping her. As payment, the gaoler tosses the humiliated Manon a piece of jewellery. Des Grieux breaks in, kills the gaoler and runs away with Manon.
Scene 3 – The swamp
Manon and Des Grieux have escaped into the Louisiana swamplands. Manon has renounced all her former ambitions for wealth and splendour and now lives only for her love for Des Grieux. Exhausted and sick, Manon sees a dream in which all the characters of her past appear and then vanish like ghosts. Manon dies in her lover’s arms.