Cora Bos-Kroese was born in Amsterdam in 1967 and began her professional education in 1984 at London's Royal Ballet School, later continuing her studies at the Royal Conservatory in The Hague. She joined the Nederlands Dans Theater 2 (NDT 2) in 1986, and two years later was a member of the main (NDT 1) company. During this period, she collaborated with such artists as Jiřì Kylián, William Forsythe, Mats Ek, Ohad Naharin, Édouard Lock, Nacho Duato and Hans van Manen.
In 1996, she received the award for “most talented dancer” from the Dutch Dancers' Fund.
In 2001, she joined Ballet Frankfurt, where she worked with the choreographer William Forsythe (dancing in such pieces as The Vile Parody of Address, Duo and In the Middle, Somewhat Elevated).
Since 2003, she and Roberta Mosca have together organised the Biarteca Summer Dance Festival held each year in the Piedmont region of Italy.
Between 2005 and 2007, she has served as a ballet master with the Nederlands Dans Theater, where she has assisted Jacopo Godani, Crystal Pite, Meryl Tankard and Jiřì Kylián, among others.
She is currently working on producing Jiřì Kylián's works at different venues around the world, including the Nederlands Dans Theater, the Lyon Opera Ballet, the Basel Ballet, the Dresden Opera Ballet, the Vienna Opera Ballet, the Oslo Opera Ballet, the Bolshoi and La Scala.
She has served as artistic director of the C-scope project since 2004.
A partial list of her own choreographies includes Trespass, Mizu, Under my Feet, Heimat, Glass, Ex::posed and Amor. Her most recent work, Ensō, was created in Japan for the Sadamatsu Hamada Ballet in Kobe.